What are cannabinoids and how they work?
Hemp contains over 500 active substances, over 100 of which cannot be found in any other plant. Due to this unique substance make-up, hemp can affect the body in a myriad of different ways. Many potential effects of hemp have not yet been studied fully, which is why new knowledge about hemp and hemp products is constantly emerging.
The active substances that can only be found in Hemp are called cannabinoids. These substances affect the body’s endocannabinoid system, which in turn affects the nervous system as well as the brain. The endocannabinoid system has receptors throughout the body. The CB1 receptor, for example, is located in parts of the nervous system and in the digestive tract, whereas the CB2 receptor is more closely associated with the immune system.
Following, we will briefly introduce the eight most important cannabinoids found in hemp.
THC is the most widely known cannabinoid in hemp. The abbreviation stands for delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol. THC is responsible for the most characteristic effects of hemp, as it stimulates different brain centers, causes the release of dopamine and creates a feeling of euphoria and lightness. THC may also act as an analgesic, relieving pain and inflammation. THC is strictly regulated or banned in most countries. The percentage of THC allowed in hemp products varies across countries – the limit for Slovenia is 0.2%, while other European countries generally allow 0.5% or 1% of THC. The products we offer meet the restrictions found in Slovenian legislation (0.2% THC).
Cannabidiol or CBD has been the subject of much research, due to its potential effects on the human body. It is said to act as an antioxidant, relieve cramps and weakness as well as having anti-inflammatory and soothing effects. However, research on the medical effects of CBD is at an early stage, which is why the findings are not yet reliable. In the past, hemp products primarily emphasized high THC content, while preferring as little CBD content as possible. This is because CBD counteracts THC’s psychoactive effect. In addition, the CBD content of most hemp strains is very low, typically below one percent. With the discovery of the positive effects of CBD and the desire to mitigate the psychoactive effects of THC, the ratio of the active substance in hemp products has been reversed – today, products with a high CBD content are made, while THC is restricted by legislation. CBD has no psychoactive effects, so it is much more suitable for medical use. CBD products are particularly beneficial for relieving chronic pain, inflammation, migraines, arthritis, cramps, epilepsy, and schizophrenia, and helping against malignant diseases.
Cannabinol or CBN is an analgesic that results from the oxidation of THC. It is mildly psychoactive but is only found in very small amounts in fresh hemp. The content of this substance can be regulated by adequate storage of hemp in a dark and dry place. The effects of cannabinol are not as pronounced as those of THC, but CBN and has a calming effect and relieves headaches.
CBG or cannabigerol is an active substance, which is still being studied primarily for its possible antibacterial effects. In natural hemp varieties, it is usually not as noticeable as THC and CBD, but it can act as an original substance when both of these cannabinoids are formed. Cannabigerol research also focuses on possible soothing effects.
Tetrahydrocannabivarin or THCV is a cannabinoid, which limits the effect of THC. In addition, recent research shows that THCV can be used to alleviate metabolic disorders, because it acts as an appetite reduction agent.
CBC or cannabis has possible anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects. It has even been noted for its role in brain cell regeneration. CBC, however, has been relatively poorly researched.
THCA is an acid form of THC. In this form, THC is found in fresh hemp plants. Only when heated does THCA convert to THC. THCA in its original form does not belong to the active substances.
Similar to THCA, CBDA is an acid form of CBD. Allegedly, it alleviates weakness and may help with breast cancer, but the medical effects have not yet been sufficiently investigated.
Cannabis also contains various other substances, for instance: terpenes. Terpenes are the substances that are found in essential oils of both hemp and other plants. Because of these ingredients, hemp smells wonderful!
Although hemp’s active substances are often looked at individually, they work together in practice. Cannabinoids affect each other, which is why their effects should only be considered in combination. We call this phenomenon the synergistic effect, which we have to keep in mind when talking about the overall effect of hemp products.
Why don’t we list the recommended doses and the expected effects of CBD?
We offer a wide selection of products made of legal hemp varieties containing various cannabinoids, primarily CBD. Some products also contain THC in small quantities, in accordance with legal restrictions.
Green Passion does not offer food or foodstuffs. We also do not list the healing properties of our products and cannot set the recommended end-user dose. CBD has no confirmed healing properties, although the studies indicate the potential beneficial effect in different fields.
CBD can possibly affect a variety of disorders and diseases, including:
– sleep disorder,
– symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder,
– nervous diseases,
– muscle cramps and movement disorders,
– Alzheimer’s disease,
– brain and liver damage,
– skin diseases,
– allergies and asthma.
Many users report the positive effects of hemp products that contain CBD. The recommended doses vary depending on body weight and the magnitude of the problem the user seeks to counteract. More information can be found in the accompanying literature, outlining the potential effects of hemp’s active substances, primarily in books and online material.
What is the difference between full spectrum and isolate?
Products with CBD differ in their composition. We primarily divide them into full spectrum and isolates. This applies to all products containing CBD, so composition should be checked when selecting products.
Full spectrum products contain the cannabinoids that can be found in hemp. In the preparation of hemp products, these substances are not separated, which in the end means they act in synergy and have a unique effect, resulting from the interactions between all the ingredients.
Isolate contains specific substances, usually an extract of CBD, which is obtained from the hemp plant. In this case, CBD is separated from the other ingredients and thus the product has no other active substances. For use in end products, CBD is dissolved and diluted to the desired concentration, but it is still an isolate without any other substances. Isolates can also contain synthetically made CBD.
Various studies indicate that full spectrum products lead to a better effect. However, full spectrum products are generally a tad more expensive compared to isolates with the same CBD content.
How to consume hemp products?
Hemp products can be consumed in different ways. Usually, the plants are first dried and prepared for processing or consuming. Often, dried hemp tips are rolled into a cigarette together with tobacco, which is why hemp tips are sometimes considered a tobacco substitute. Hemp can, of course, be used without tobacco. In fact, tobacco interferes with hemp activity and modifies its taste. In addition, it burdens the lungs, causing addiction and increasing the risk of cancer.
Smoking is one of the least healthy options for consuming hemp and is generally not recommended; alternatives are recommended. Smoking can be replaced by evaporation, which is much less burdensome for one’s health.
Positive effects are also reported by those who consume hemp orally. Although the human digestive tract is generally well prepared for the absorption of active substances from our diet, the bioavailability of hemp lies at 5 to 10%. This is because cannabinoids are poorly soluble in water. Moreover, blood from the intestine first leads through the kidneys, where substances from our diet are already partially decomposed. CBD fat-based products offer better bioavailability, between 10 and 20%. In any case, oral consumption of hemp does not lead to a loss of active sensitive substances.
Hemp can also be consumed in the form of tea. However, as stressed previously, cannabinoids are poorly soluble in water. It is advisable to add some fat to the tea, such as milk or coconut oil.
It is possible to prepare a whole range of delicious dishes with hemp, such as pastries and beverages. Hemp by itself does not have a particularly pleasant taste and is difficult to break down, so it is advisable to prepare meals that help with this.
Where can we smoke legal hemp?
We offer hemp products that have less than 0.2% THC content. Thus, the products meet the legal restrictions and can be used freely. When smoking hemp, the prohibition of smoking in public indoor places should be observed. The same rules apply as for smoking tobacco. However, hemp with low THC content is legal, it is not yet widely accepted in society – so it is nice to make sure before smoking that we will not disturb others around us.
What are the effects of THC in CBD products?
We are often asked whether consuming CBD can lead to a positive result on a drug test or any problems when driving after consuming CBD. It should be noted that some of the products we offer contain low concentrations of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), but always below the legal limits. The THC content is not sufficient to cause psychoactive effects or to influence the body’s functioning.
After frequent consumption of hemp products, a urine test may show a positive result for THC. Hair or blood testing will be negative and confirm that there was no drug abuse. In any case, the legal restrictions on THC in hemp products as well as the THC in the blood flow of CBD users must be observed. However, we have not yet heard about an driving problems resulting from CBD products.
What if the police stop me?
Police may suspect that you are in possession of illegal hemp products, mistakenly confiscate CBD products and give you a fine. In that case, stay calm, explain the misunderstanding, and ask for cannabinoid analysis to check the cannabinoid content. Sometimes police officers already have devices that allow rapid hemp testing on the spot. This analysis will confirm that hemp contains less than 0.2% THC. The police will thus return your products and you will not have to pay the fine. To avoid misunderstandings and facilitate product identification, we recommend that you keep the receipt and keep the products in their original packaging.
Note that in Slovenia the maximum amount of THC in hemp products is 0.2%. In most other European countries, the limit is higher at 0.5% or 1%. This means that you can be in violation of the law if you order or transfer hemp products from other countries!