We often read about products deriving from the Cannabis Sativa family, especially in today’s age of technology and science. There are several compounds within the cannabis plant that are all referred to as cannabinoids. Most of us are already familiar with the two most prominent compounds: tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD).
First, let’s have briefly explain how the cannabis plant goes through different stages in its growth process. In the early stages of the plant’s life cycle, it produces an acid known as cannabigerol acid (CBGA) which later converts into other acids like THCA, CBDA, and CBCA.
You may have heard about some of these elements, but have you recently come across products that contain “CBG”? At first glance, you might think it is the same as CBD, but there are some major differences between the two. And there’s a very popular question of “CBG vs CBD” – which one is better and stuff like that.
What is CBG?
CBG stands for cannabigerol and has existed for millennia in nature, although people have only been reading and learning about it very recently. CBG does not exist in higher concentrations like THC or CBD, but it takes a very important role in the formation of CBD and THC. Sometimes it is referred to as the “mother of cannabinoids”.
What are the potential CBG benefits?
Although researchers and experts do not have as much grounded knowledge about CBG as they do for the more famous elements of cannabis – like CBD and THC – it is said that CBG has great potential benefits for our body and overall health.
Although their results cannot be considered conclusive yet, numerous studies have shown that CBG can be used to treat various medical conditions. The following parts will delve into some known benefits of CBG: fighting inflammation, nausea and pain, as well as possibly reducing the spread of cancerous cells.
Here are some other benefits of CBG:
CBG could help colitis and inflammatory bowel disease. In 2013, a study was conducted on rats so to investigate the effects of CBG on colitis. This study showed that CBG could serve as a good way to reduce the effects of colitis. Although none of the studies sought to test for CBG as an isolated compound, many medical conditions can be treated by using cannabis, including abdominal pain, diarrhea, weight loss, and others.
Antibacterial properties. MRSA (Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) is a bacterium that can cause serious infections. It can resist ordinary antibiotics, which can lead to the infection being fatal. CBG has been thought of as a very promising way to treat such bacteria, because of its potential to be effective against antibiotic-resistant bacteria.
Good for treating inflammation. A 2017 study looked at CBG’s ability to treat eczema and psoriasis. The study found that CBG could indeed be very beneficial in treating both conditions by significantly reducing inflammation.
Treating glaucoma and relieving intraocular pressure. A study from the 1990s tested the effects of CBG in treating glaucoma. The study found that “cannabigerol and related cannabinoids may have therapeutic potential for the treatment of glaucoma.”
Another active ingredient found in the Cannabis Sativa plant is cannabidiol (CBD). It can be found in both hemp and cannabis. Although hemp and cannabis are related, the difference is that hemp does not cause the same psychoactive effects that cannabis does.
However, unlike CBG, we have the opportunity to read and learn a lot more about cannabidiol (CBD). CBD is renowned for its numerous benefits to the human body. It is mostly used for medical purposes, to treat inflammation, seizures, nausea, anxiety, depression, and others
Moreover, it is also recommended for patients suffering from insomnia. Studies have shown that CBD can help people sleep better and fall asleep faster. CBD can be consumed in various forms such as oils. creams and tablets.
However, in spite of its positive effects, each product can also have negative side effects, which should be taken into account when finding the proper CBD dosage. Some side effects of CBD are:
- Loss of appetite
- Mood swings
CBG VS CBD – Differences between them
CBG and CBD have many similarities. For instance, CBD and CBD are both acids that don’t have any form of impact on people’s behaviors, because they are both considered non-psychoactive. This means that they can have a positive effect on anxiety and depression without making one high like THC.
Both CBG and CBD affect the so-called endocannabinoid system. However, CBG has a clear advantage over CBD with regards to affecting the endocannabinoid system, because CBG directly connects to CB1 and CB2 receptors. Hence CBG more strongly impacts the endocannabinoid system than CBD does.
Another major difference between the two is that CBG is much harder to produce than CBD. Many cannabis plants are CBG-insufficient, which means that CBG is more expensive and more complicated to produce. This has led many companies to focus mainly on extracting CBD than CBG. This has made CBG products rare goods that are often expensive to buy.
Are CBG and CBD legal?
CBD is taken from cannabis and cannabis is not legal in many parts of the world. However, the cannabis plant can be divided into marijuana and hemp subgroups. Hemp contains less than 0.3% THC so CBD products are legal in many countries if they are produced from hemp. According to European Union Law, hemp farming and processing of crops with less than 0.2% of THC are legal in all EU member states.
However, cannabis laws around the world have constantly changed and changes may happen in the near future as well. As for CBG, it is much less problematic because it is not classified as a drug.
Although CBG has started to become a more familiar abbreviation for many people, we still have a lot to learn about this cannabinoid, its benefits, side effects, and many other things related to it.
We’ve tried to give something to the “CBG vs CBD” debate, and we hope we delivered.